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SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT: TACKLING THE CHALLENGES IN EMERGING COUNTRIES

In recent years, emerging nations have witnessed economic growth that has positively impacted living standards, driving up consumption, resources usage, and, consequently, waste production. However, the rapid growth in generated waste volumes and weak regulations to control imported waste have overwhelmed waste management systems and resulted in negative environmental, medical, and economic repercussions. Based on …

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SEWAGE WATER TREATMENT

Definition of Sewage and Sewage Treatment Sewage is generated by residential, institutional and commercial establishments. It includes household waste liquid from toilets, baths, showers, kitchens, and sinks draining into sewers. Sewage treatment is sometimes also referred to as wastewater treatment. However, the latter is a broader term that can also refer to industrial wastewater. Sewage …

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WATER TREATMENT: WHAT IS IT? AND THE TECHNIQUES USED FOR IT

Water is one of the key substances responsible for the creation and maintenance of life on Earth. Portable Water is an absolute necessity for human life, which at the same time, is getting scarcer over time. We have strived to increase the availability of this essential resource through real-world implementations of scientific advancements.  There are …

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WATER & WASTE WATER TREATMENT SECTOR: TACKLING THE CHALLENGES IN EMERGING COUNTRIES

What is the “Water Treatment Sector” Impact of Demand Supply Gap Sewage Treatment Gap in India Demand and Supply Situation in India India is constantly faring low on measures of water deficiency for over a decade and is already in ‘Water Stress’ category Moving from water stress to water scarcity situation at rapid pace. Demand …

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ADVANTAGES OF HYBRID ANNUITY MODEL – HAM

Provides Liquidity to Client and Private Player Financial Risk is shared between Client and Private Player Performance Driven Private Partner continues to bear the Construction and Maintenance Risk Bid parameter – lowest of sum of Project cost O&M cost Power & Land Hence the focus is on the “Life Cycle Cost” At the end of the …

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EPC vs HAM – Key Factors

Parameter EPC model HAM model Capital Expenditure Funding 100 per cent funded by Government Authority during initial construction period Only 40 per cent of capex to be funded by Government Authority during construction period; Remaining 60 per cent is the private financing by private developer during the construction period Capital Expenditure Optimisation EPC model focus …

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RISE OF PPP MARKET: INVESTMENT/DEVELOPER BASED MODEL

PPP Journey – India Evolution of PPP Water Sector 1990’s Bangalore bulk water supply project Hyderabad bulk water Pune distribution, treatment, bulk water Goa bulk water Early initiative on PPP (failed) High tariff Political opposition Credit quality Lack of project preparation 2000 Not many initiatives due to earlier failure Sangli distribution, treatment and bulk water …

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